Diagnosis and Treatment of Vision Problems in Children

Eyes are one of the most delicate organs of the body and need lots of care. There are many vision problems in children that become serious if not checked in time. A few vision problems in children are:-

Amblyopia

Amblyopia- This vision problem is also known as “lazy eye”. It is a rare condition and 3 out of 100 people get affected. This develops when one of the eyes doesn’t have a complete or normal sight. If this vision problem in a child is detected early, it can be corrected by using eye glasses, contact lenses, eye surgery and patching the normal eye in order to strengthen the lazy eye. 

Strabismus

When the alignment of the eye is not proper, it leads to crossed eyes. Children suffering from this problem tend to use the normal eye in order to avoid double vision. A common symptom is when one eye focuses straight and the other eye rolls up, down, in or out.  This vision problem in children cannot be completely corrected but using contact lenses or glasses can improve the focus.

Refractive Error

The other name for nearsightedness is known as myopia. This is a very common vision problem in children and mostly happens when there’s a problem in the eye ball. In myopia, the eyeball is very long to focus the power which causes distant images to appear blurred. In a similar way, farsightedness or hyperopia happens when the eyeball is too short to focus normally. 

Another condition is astigmatism which occurs when the surface of the cornea is not uniform or even. Common symptoms are blurred vision, headaches, fatigue or eye strain. This vision problem in children can be corrected with contact lenses or glasses.

Color Blindness

Color blindness is also known as color vision deficiency. It is mostly a hereditary condition in which children find it a problem to distinguish between different color shades. The treatment given depends on how severe it is like using contact lenses or tinted glasses.

Conjunctivitis

Conjunctivitis is also known as pink or red eye. This is one of the most common vision problems in children. The symptoms are pink or red eyes, itching or a burning sensation in the eye is experienced. There is also a discharge along with a crusting around the eye lashes.  

Conjunctivitis is very contagious in school children. This condition lasts for at least a week and can be treated with ointment or antibiotic eye drops.  

Corneal Abrasion

This is known as eye injury and children if not careful can easily hurt their eyes. Most of the eye injuries in children occur while playing sports or other physical activities. Any type of eye injury if not taken proper care can cause blindness. 

The only way to prevent vision problems in children is to take good care of the eyes. Keep household items like nails, scissors and other sharp objects out of children’s reach. Diagnosing the problem on time and wearing glasses or contact lenses as prescribed by the doctor can help correct the vision.  

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